than the present oral contraceptives and mechanical devices. Much of this research can be done by the developed nations. One by one, explicitly or implicitly, governments are actively assisting or deliberately allowing the extension of means and information to facilitate planning of family size by individual couples. For example, India and Pakistan have now deployed about one family planning worker for every 1,000 families. The U.S. Government has budgeted first $3 million, then $35 million, and ultimately $100 million in the last few years to contribute to the extension of family planning to those who need and want it in the less developed countries. Similarly, the U.S. Government budgeted $24.4 million, $55 million, and $80.6 million from 1967 to 1969 for family planning, research, and training in the United States. Foundations and international nongovernmental organizations (including the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, the Population Council, and the International Planned Parenthood Federation) have been particularly instrumental in catalyzing the development of national policies and programs. In many countries in which no explicit national population policies and no overt national population programs exist, there are nongovernmental associations demonstrating, in both the utilization and extension of family planning services, that family planning is respectable, beneficial, and desirable.t, requiring a high degree of organization, adequa and logistic support, great flexibility in meeting changing cond continuing objective evaluation of results.